Burial  

 

Photo 70: salute

Rufo

 

 

 

Photo 71: mourning

Rufo

 

 

 

Photo 72: trance

Rufo

 

 

Photo 73: burial dance

Rufo

 

 

 

Photo 74: burial mound

Rufo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An old woman died. Her death was expected – during the last days the women of the clan came constantly into her hut, in order to care for her and to assist her in last hours.

The message of her death is spread in the village by loud lamenting of clan-members and gunshots for salute. Some delegates of the clan make themselves on the way in order to spread the message of death in the surrounding countryside. Each clan member is given the possibility to take leave of the deceased. Because of this the ceremony takes four days. New guests arrive again and again to take part in the rituals.

The whole mourning ceremony is brimming with symbols, which demonstrate the taking leave and the end. The hut of the deceased practically is paid out. Everything that humans in Arbore need to life is carried-out the hut and/or scattered at the grave into the four winds: the fire is carried out from the hut, the water is throwing in front of the grave, tobacco and blood are distributed at the environs, milk and butter - both symbols of fertility – are flipped in the kraal, a calabash is smashed at the grave on the end of ceremony.

With perseverative dances (film_dance), the donating of numerous goats and sheep for the ritual slaughtering and the common meal the people together take leave and the community of the clan is strengthened. Durmaytee, this symbolic burial dance shown here, is only danced by the Olmoke clan. All the other Arbore clans do not dance at the burial. Humans lamenting in the community, some fall in trance (film_trance) and women dash around the village and loudly mourn the death of the grandmother.

However this expanded funeral ritual is given only to that Arbore, which has living descendants. Therewith he or she made a contribution to the survival of the society. If an Arbore dies - even if he/she is married – without having children, this person is buried at night in the kraal and nobody would bring to mind in public again.